Argentina's current population is more than 36 million inhabitants, almost half of which live in the city and the province of Buenos Aires. Population density calculated on a national basis is 13 inhabitants per square kilometer. 95% of the population is white and most are descendants of Italians and Spaniards. As a result of the massive European immigration, the white and Indian half-castes were slowly reduced and at the present they amount only to 4.5% of the population. The pure indigenous population - Mapuches, Collas, Tobas, Matacos and Chiriguanos - amount to 0.5% of the population.

Argentina's cultural roots are predominantly European, which is clearly reflected in its architecture, music, literature and lifestyle. It has an intense cultural activity as seen in the festivals, expositions, cinemas, theatres, and concerts that take place in the principal cities. Buenos Aires has approximately 100 cinemas and 90 theatres making it a center-point of major theatrical activity in Latin America. The Colon Theatre stands out for its architecture and its perfect acoustics and is visited by the world's outstanding classical music, ballet and drama personalities. Painting and sculpture are given great importance and are reflected in the prestigious art galleries around the country.

The characteristic music of the city of Buenos Aires is the world-famous tango. Folklore includes several and varied rhythms and styles according to the different regions of the country.

37,384,816 (July 2001 est.)

Age Structure:
0-14 years: 26.54% (male 5,077,593; female 4,842,811)
15-64 years: 63.04% (male 11,795,282; female 11,773,855)
65 years and over: 10.42% (male 1,609,672; female 2,285,603) (2001 est.)

Population Growth Rate:
1.15% (2001 est.)

Birth Rate:
18.41 births/1,000 population (2001 est.)

Death Rate:
7.58 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.)

Net Migration Rate:
0.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth:
Total population: 75.26 years
Male: 71.88 years
Female: 78.82 years (2001 est.)

Total Fertility Rate:
2.44 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Adult prevalence rate: 0.69% (1999 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 130,000 (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 1,800 (1999 est.)

Ethnic Groups:
White (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo, Amerindian, or other nonwhite groups 3%
Nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%

Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French

92% of the population age 15 and over can read and write (1995 est.)